Lévi-Strauss, Claude

(1908- )
   The leading proponent of structuralism in social anthropology, Claude Lévi-Strauss was born in Brussels, Belgium, and raised in France. He studied at the sorbonne and, in 1935, became professor of sociology (1935-39) at the University of Sâo Paulo, Brazil. There, he pursued field studies of the Native American tribes. Lévi-Strauss also taught at the New School for Social Research, in New York City (1942-45), served as associate director of the Musée de l'Homme in Paris (1949), and as director of studies at the École pratique des hautes études (1950-74). In 1959, he became professor of social anthropology at the collège de france. Lévi-Strauss is preeminent among those scholars who believe that the various cultural traits of all human communities demonstrate a common underlying framework. In this he was influenced by émile durkheim and others. Lévi-Strauss further believed that such basic structural concepts as time, color and gender became elaborated through culture. He developed the idea of contrasting, but complementary, groups known as "moieties," which exist in each human culture. He also expounded the idea that totemism is merely an anthropological concept that has no objective reality. Lévi-Strauss's other writings include Structures élémentaires de la parenté (1949); Le Totémisme aujourd'hui (1962); La Pensée sauvage (1962); Le Cru e le Cuit (1964); Du miel aux cendres (1967); L'Origine des manières de table (1968); L'Homme nu (1971); Anthropologie structurale (1973), which is his manifesto. Lévi-Strauss was awarded the legion of honor and was made a member of the Académie Française in 1973.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • LEVI-STRAUSS, CLAUDE — (1908– ), French anthropologist. Born in Brussels, Belgium, and educated at the Sorbonne, he was chosen as a member of the French University mission to Brazil in 1934 where he became professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo from 1935 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — born Nov. 28, 1908, Brussels, Belg. Belgian French social anthropologist and leading exponent of structuralism. Lévi Strauss originally studied philosophy at the University of Paris (1927–32) but went on to teach sociology at the University of… …   Universalium

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — ► (n. 1908) Antropólogo francés. En 1941 emigró a E.U.A., donde experimentó la influencia de la escuela lingüística de Jakobson, cuyo método estructuralista decidió utilizar en etnología. Propugnó la elaboración de modelos formales como medio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — (1908– ) French anthropologist and structuralist. Educated in law, Lévi Strauss received a doctorate in philosophy at the Sorbonne. He was appointed to a French university mission to Brazil, serving as professor at São Paulo from 1935 to 1938.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Levi-Strauss, Claude — (b. 1898)    Anthropologist. When Brussels born Professor Levi Strauss was elected a member of the French Academy in May 1973, The Times of London commented that he had ‘established the great complexity and beauty of primitive cultures, and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Lévi-Strauss,Claude — Lé·vi Strauss (lāʹvē strousʹ), Claude. Born 1908. French social anthropologist and leading exponent of the theory of structuralism. His works include Structural Anthropology (1958) and Totemism (1962). * * * …   Universalium

  • Levi-Strauss, Claude — (b. 1908)    French anthropologist. Born in Brussels, he studied at the Sorbonne and became professor in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and later Director of Studies, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris and professor at the College de France. His works …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — See Structuralism (french) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude —  (1908–) French anthropologist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • LÉVI-STRAUSS, Claude — (1908 )    French ANTHROPOLOGIST and originator of structuralism. Although immensely influential in anthropology, he did very little fieldwork and is more a philosopher and armchair anthropologist in the tradition of Sir James FRAZER than an… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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